The Economy Is Humming, but That May Not Win Janet Yellen Another Term

“The economy is humming along,” said Julia Coronado, president of MacroPolicy Perspectives, a New York economic research firm. “The markets are humming along. Given all the other stuff that’s going on, why mess with that?”

Mr. Trump is considering four candidates to replace Ms. Yellen. On that short list: Gary D. Cohn, the president’s chief economic adviser; Jerome H. Powell, the only Republican on the Fed’s board of governors; John B. Taylor, a Stanford University economist who has criticized the Fed for raising interest rates too slowly; and Kevin Warsh, a former Fed governor and a fellow at the Hoover Institution.

“Honestly, I like them all,” Mr. Trump said Tuesday. He added that he would choose a nominee “over the next very short period of time.” The White House would like to make the nomination before he departs for a 12-day trip to Asia in early November. Ms. Yellen’s term ends in early February, and the next chairman must be confirmed by the Senate.

Ms. Yellen, 71, has spent almost two decades at the Fed. She was a Fed governor in the mid-1990s, then returned to the Fed as president of the Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco in 2004. She became vice chairwoman in 2010 and chairwoman in 2014.

During her four-year term, the unemployment rate has fallen to 4.2 percent while inflation has remained below 2 percent. Both metrics are close to the levels the Fed regards as ideal. Indeed, it has seldom come closer. She also has presided over the gradual reduction of the Fed’s stimulus campaign, which was implemented in the wake of the 2008 financial crisis, as the economy struggled through a bruising recession with persistent unemployment that peaked at 10 percent in October 2009.

Ms. Yellen’s calm and careful leadership style has won fans, both inside and outside of the Fed. John Williams, president of the San Francisco Fed, said that Ms. Yellen had been effective in building a consensus about the direction of policy among Fed officials, and in communicating policy to the markets and the public.

“When she came in there was a lot of concern about how would we unwind our policies and would that be disruptive and difficult, especially in the context of a global economy where other central banks were going in the other direction,” he said. “Now it’s almost like, ‘That was easy!’ But it wasn’t. It took hard work.”

Some of the other candidates, notably Mr. Taylor and Mr. Warsh, have argued the Fed should be raising interest rates more quickly. But financial regulation is the area in which a new chairman likely would make the largest changes. The Fed supervises the nation’s largest banks and oversees the broader financial system.

Mr. Trump wants to loosen financial regulations, which he regards as an impediment to economic growth. Ms. Yellen, who played a key role implementing the new banking rules after the 2008 crisis, has acknowledged room for improvement. But in a high-profile speech in August, she also issued a warning against going too far.

The Treasury secretary, Steven Mnuchin, has argued that installing a new Fed chairman would help Mr. Trump achieve his goal of reducing regulation.

Charles W. Calomiris, a finance professor at Columbia University, said that Ms. Yellen’s approach to regulation was reason enough to replace her. “It’s not just that regulation is excessively costly and complex,” he said. “It’s also failing to achieve its objectives.”

But Ms. Yellen has faced relatively little public criticism. Mr. Trump criticized her on the campaign trail, but he has praised her since taking office.

House Republicans have been among Ms. Yellen’s fiercest critics, regularly calling on her to increase interest rates and to reduce financial regulations.

Representative Jeb Hensarling, the Texas Republican who chairs the House Financial Services Committee, sent a letter to Ms. Yellen in February demanding that the Fed stop crafting regulations until Mr. Trump appointed a new vice chairman for supervision.

Mr. Trump’s choice, Randal K. Quarles, who was sworn in last week, will oversee the Fed’s regulatory work, including its stress tests of large banks.

Mr. Hensarling also has criticized Ms. Yellen’s approach to monetary policy. But he has not commented on whether Ms. Yellen should be nominated for a second term, and a spokeswoman did not respond to an email on Wednesday.

A spokeswoman for Senator Michael D. Crapo, the Idaho Republican who chairs the Banking Committee, said he had not taken a position on Ms. Yellen’s candidacy.

Even some of Ms. Yellen’s critics favor her reappointment.

“She is an intelligent and levelheaded individual,” said Deborah J. Lucas, an economics professor at M.I.T. who has criticized the Fed’s bond purchases. “I trust her to make prudent decisions, particularly when it matters most, which is if there is another crisis. Continuity and experience seem especially valuable right now.”

Presidents in recent decades have generally decided to reappoint Fed chairmen, even from the opposing political party, on the theory that stability would comfort markets. Ronald Reagan, the last Republican president to inherit a Fed chairman who was a Democrat, thought seriously about replacing Paul A. Volcker in 1983, but ultimately decided to nominate Mr. Volcker to a second term. “The financial market seems set on having him,” Reagan wrote in his diary. “I don’t want to shake their confidence in recovery.”

President Clinton nominated Alan Greenspan in 1996 and in 2000 and President George W. Bush nominated Mr. Greenspan to a fifth term in 2004, before tapping Ben S. Bernanke to begin in 2006.

President Obama nominated Mr. Bernanke for a second term in 2010. When Mr. Bernanke stepped down in 2014, Mr. Obama named Ms. Yellen.

The last Fed chairman who did not serve a second term was G. William Miller, who is widely regarded as the least effective leader in the Fed’s modern history. Mr. Miller was also the last person without an economics degree to run the central bank. He was nominated by President Carter in 1978. Both unemployment and inflation were high and rising, and he was replaced after just 17 months by Mr. Volcker.

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The Killing of a Sacred Deer Movie Review (2017)

A man who plays God for a living meets a boy who chooses to play Devil in Yorgos Lanthimos’ chilling and breathtaking “The Killing of a Sacred Deer.” Once again, as he did with “The Lobster,” Lanthimos is working in a deeply metaphorical register, using an impossible situation to illuminate relatable human fears. The result is a mesmerizing thriller, a movie that asks questions with no good answers and traps us within its terrifying and bizarre situation with little hope for a happy ending. With uniformly great performances throughout the cast and Lanthimos’ stunning eye for detail and composition, this is one of the most unforgettable films of the year.


Colin Farrell, reuniting with Lanthimos and a bit bushier and grayer than before, plays Dr. Steven Murphy, a noted and respected surgeon. Externally, he would seem to have it all. He’s powerful and successful with a gorgeous wife named Anna (Nicole Kidman), who happens to be an ophthalmologist. They have two children—15-year-old Kim (Raffey Cassidy) and younger Bob (Sunny Suljic). Steven has befriended a 16-year-old named Martin (Barry Keoghan of “Dunkirk”), the son of a man who died on his operating table a few years ago. Exactly what happened in that room, and how and why Steven has tried to stay close with Martin is unclear at the beginning of the film. Lanthimos often keeps histories and motivations vague, allowing us to fill in the blanks as the film progresses.

From the beginning, something seems vaguely off with the relationship between Steven and Martin. The doctor introduces him as a friend of his daughter’s, but he’s not. And he buys the kid presents, even inviting him over for dinner. Martin becomes friends with Steven’s kids, and a romantic interest for Kim, but there’s a dark undercurrent here from frame one. Something’s just not quite right in the Murphy household, and it’s not only that the good doctor likes his wife to pretend to be under general anesthesia when he has sex with her. The Murphys seem to be just a little off, and Martin more than a little.

Then Bob can’t get out of bed. His legs don’t work. Not long after, he stops eating. Martin tells Steven what’s going on. It’s justice. Steven took his father, and now a member of his family must die. The scales must be balanced. Steven can choose to kill one of his family members and end the nightmare, but they will continue to lose the use of their limbs, refuse to eat, and eventually bleed from the eyes if he does not make a decision. Steven, being a man of science, turns to medicine to explain what’s happening to his family, refusing to believe that it’s some sort of cosmic karma coming to get him. Thematically, Lanthimos is playing with the differences between science and the supernatural. Steven plays God. He saves lives and he makes mistakes that take lives. And he sees the world in that kind of black and white. Martin breaks down his perfectly controlled worldview, and demands something rarely asked of the gods, personal sacrifice.


Working with his regular cinematographer Thimios Bakatakis again, and a multi-talented team of designers, Lanthimos delivers one of the most visually striking films of the year, a movie that recalls prime Polanski in its claustrophobic tension but more distinctly feels like an entirely new voice in horror. “The Killing of a Sacred Deer” takes place in a world of clean lines and kitchens as antiseptic as operating rooms. It’s this world of suburban perfection that Martin, and Lanthimos, deconstructs with a waking nightmare. There’s something about the cool, detached world of “Sacred Deer” that makes it all the more terrifying. Of course, fallible man must be punished in a world this perfectly refined and lacking in common humanity. It almost feels like Martin gives Steven an out early in the film, inviting him to his more “everyday” world in which they watch “Groundhog Day” (tellingly, another movie about a man who must learn a lesson to stop a physically impossible situation) and his mother (Alicia Silverstone) demands he try her tart. But the God won’t deign to play with the mortals, and so he must be hurled from his throne.

And here’s where we get to the title. Late in the film, we learn that one of the characters wrote an A+ essay on Iphigenia, a Greek myth that centers on the killing of a sacred deer by Greek leader Agamemnon. Artemis, the goddess of the hunt, punished Agamemnon, and the only way to remove the punishment is for the leader to sacrifice his daughter, Iphigenia. Is the modern surgeon the equivalent of Agamemnon? Is the child who lost his father before he could talk about puberty with him Artemis? Lanthimos never draws straight lines, but the parallel is illuminating. He makes films designed to start conversations, to leave viewers startled and shaken. And he’s smart enough to use Greek myths, pitch black humor, and chilling horror in equal amounts.

It helps that he’s clearly at a point in his career where the right actors want to work with him. It feels like we’re finally at a time when we can recognize that Colin Farrell has been pretty great for a long time, choosing to work with challenging directors who bring out different edges of his ability even this late into his career. He’s phenomenal here, finding the shades of a man whose greatest sin may be his refusal to admit he’s only human. In the end, that may be the message of “The Killing of a Sacred Deer”—when you play God, you must deal with the consequences. The Lanthimos-Farrell dynamic is one of those relationships in which the creator and actor are so clearly on the same page that it’s invigorating.


That’s a good word for “The Killing of a Sacred Deer.” It’s a film that challenges viewers in such fascinating ways and feels so refined in its filmmaking that it’s invigorating to watch. It’s a rare movie indeed that can be this alternately terrifying, hysterical, strange, and heartbreaking, often in the same scene. Like the Greek myth that inspired the film, it feels powerful enough to be timeless.

This review was originally filed on September 10, 2017 from the Toronto International Film Festival.

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Sons of slain journalist call for Malta leader’s resignation

The sons of slain investigative journalist Daphne Caruana Galizia are calling for the prime minister’s resignation, saying in a Facebook post that he should show political responsibility for “failing to uphold our fundamental freedoms.”

The sons wrote Thursday that they refused to endorse Prime Minister Joseph Muscat’s call for a reward to lead to their mother’s assassins, saying “we are not interested in justice without change.”

Caruana Galizia, a harsh critic of Muscat’s who reported extensively on corruption on the island nation, was killed by a car bomb on Monday.

Her sons wrote that identifying their mother’s assassins was not enough — corruption on the Mediterranean island nation also needed to be rooted out, they added.

Muscat has denounced her assassination, and has proposed a reward to find her killers.

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Vanderpump Rules’ Scheana Marie, Robert Valletta Split

A SUR-real turn of events. Vanderpump RulesScheana Marie and boyfriend Robert Valletta have broken up — sorta.

Most Tumultuous Relationships in Reality TV History

“They kind of broke up and they kind of didn’t,” a source exclusively told Us Weekly of the split. “They are still talking. Their schedules have been tricky. When he’s in town they act like a couple. They are in between broken up and still on.”

The model revealed that he and the Bravo personality parted ways in the comments section of an Instagram photo he posted on Tuesday, October 17, and has since deleted. When a fan asked him where his “beautiful girlfriend” is, Valetta replied, “Sadly we broke up, we are still amazing friends and we adore each other. We will see what happens.”

Celebrity Splits of 2017

The insider explained to Us that there is hope for reconciliation. “They are still hanging out. He has been shooting in San Francisco and she has been in L.A. It’s complicated,” the source said. “They still make future plans. Things aren’t as official but they are still going on dates and hanging out.”

Marie and Valetta began dating in January and were friends before coupling up. “He’s just an amazing person,” she told Us Weekly in March of her then-love.

Stars Who Got Their Start on Reality TV

The SUR waitress has yet to comment on the status of their relationship.

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Judge dismisses Palin defamation lawsuit against New York Times

Former Alaska Governor Sarah Palin is pictured. | Kris Connor/Getty Images.

A lawsuit brought by former Alaska Governor Sarah Palin against The New York Times was dismissed by a federal judge Tuesday. The judge argued that there was not sufficient evidence that the Times had made the error “with knowledge it was false or with reckless disregard of its falsity.” | Kris Connor/Getty Images.

A federal judge on Tuesday dismissed former Alaska Gov. Sarah Palin’s lawsuit against The New York Times, concluding that she had failed to show that the Times had defamed her in a June staff editorial.

Palin, the running mate of GOP presidential nominee John McCain in 2008, filed the complaint after the Times published an editorial that seemed to link Rep. Gabrielle Giffords’ 2011 shooting to an advertisement from Palin’s political action committee.

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The paper later acknowledged the mistake and corrected the editorial, which was written by a staffer and later largely rewritten by editorial page editor James Bennett, to note that no link was ever established between the shooting and the ad.

Judge Jed S. Rakoff concluded Tuesday that the mistake did not rise to the level of defamation. He reasoned that the statements in the Times piece were sufficiently ambiguous, and thus did not qualify as “provably false,” and said there is a lack of evidence that the Times had written the story with “actual malice.”

Palin’s complaint did not identify an individual who might have acted that way, he said, and Bennett’s behavior was “much more plausibly consistent with making an unintended mistake and then correcting it than with acting with actual malice.”

Rakoff noted in his opinion that Palin, as a public figure, could not seek “legal redress” for the story unless there was sufficient evidence that the Times had made the error “with knowledge it was false or with reckless disregard of its falsity.”

“[I]f political journalism is to achieve its constitutionally endorsed role of challenging the powerful, legal redress by a public figure must be limited to those cases where the public figure has a plausible factual basis for complaining that the mistake was made maliciously, that is, with knowledge it was false or with reckless disregard of its falsity,” Rakoff wrote.

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Bipartisan Tax Bill More Durable, GOP Says After White House Meeting

After huddling Wednesday with President Donald Trump and a handful of Democrats, Senate Republican tax writers said an overhaul bill that secures bipartisan support would be more “durable” than a GOP-only path. 

Senate Republicans are moving ahead with plans to ensure a tax bill could pass with as few as 50 GOP votes, with Vice President Mike Pence casting the tie-breaking vote. But after a White House meeting with Trump and five Senate Finance Committee Democrats, three GOP members on that panel said they agree with the president that a bipartisan bill is preferable.

And a key House GOP tax writer indicated that some tax deductions might be adjusted under that chamber’s plan to allow more taxpayers to benefit.

Finance Committee member and Senate Majority Whip John Cornyn — flanked by John Thune of South Dakota and Patrick J. Toomey of Pennsylvania — struck an upbeat tone about getting Democratic support, a goal of Trump’s.

Cornyn said a tax bill with Republican and Democratic votes would be more permanent than one sent to Trump’s desk with only GOP support. That’s because Democrats would have some ownership, making them less willing to revise it in an eventual change in power.

“If we do this on a bipartisan basis and get the economy going again, increase take home pay, bring jobs back from overseas, that will be a win for the American people,” said Cornyn, a Texas Republican. “And if we’re able to do it on a bipartisan basis, it’ll be durable. It’ll be something that’ll be sustainable.”

Toomey said there are principles both parties “broadly agreed” on.

“One is to directly lower the tax burden on the hardworking families that we all represent,” the Pennsylvania Republican said. “And the other goal that’s just as important: to get the economy growing at the rate it’s capable of, get back to the 3 percent-plus kind of growth that used to be normal for America and can be normal again.”

Like his GOP colleagues, Toomey expressed optimism about bipartisanship. “Many of our Democratic colleagues appear willing to work with us,” he said.

Democratic concerns

None of the five Finance Democrats who attended the session — ranking member Ron Wyden of Oregon, Debbie Stabenow of Michigan, Sherrod Brown of Ohio, Bob Casey of Pennsylvania and Claire McCaskill of Missouri — came outside to address reporters. And instead of responding to questions, the three Republicans turned and walked back into the West Wing.

Two of the Democrats, however, issued statements later expressing concerns with the direction in which Republican and White House tax negotiators are apparently heading.

“During today’s meeting, I expressed concerns that the Republican tax proposal would give 80 percent of the benefits to the top 1 percent, take away important tax incentives for Michigan manufacturers and small businesses, and add to our nation’s deficit,” Stabenow said.

“I told President Trump that instead of spending over $1.5 trillion on tax cuts for the wealthy, we should work together to stop tax breaks for companies that ship jobs overseas and give middle-class families a bigger tax cut,” she added.

Wyden said he made clear to the president that there’s an “enormous chasm” between the GOP’s rhetoric about their tax plan and the reality of whom it would benefit.

“As of today, the Trump plan would increase taxes on hardworking families while giving away trillions of dollars in tax cuts to the biggest corporations and the ultra-wealthy,” the Oregon Democrat said. “You’re not going to reach bipartisanship by plowing forward with this con job on the middle class.”

White House hopes

The White House, meanwhile, echoed the Republicans’ hopes for Democratic support and the goals they described.

“The group discussed the historic nature of tax cuts and reform, and stressed the urgent need to deliver tax relief for the middle class by cutting taxes and simplifying the burdensome tax code,” the White House said in a statement. “The administration looks forward to continued opportunities to reach across the aisle in an effort to provide tangible quality of life improvements for the American people.”

“We’re confident that we’re going to get tax cuts done,” White House Press Secretary Sarah Huckabee Sanders said a few hours after the lawmakers departed.

She was also less insistent than her boss has been about getting Democratic votes, saying the goal is to “get enough votes to pass tax reform.” Though the president has said he wants some Democrats to vote for a measure that is still being written, he regularly hammers the party for, as he sees it, opposing tax cuts. 

House insight

While Senate tax writers were meeting with Trump, House Ways and Means Chairman Kevin Brady was wrapping up his latest plug for tax legislation at the Baker Institute for Public Policy at Rice University in Houston.

The Texas Republican reiterated his talking points about the benefits of rewriting the tax code, while fielding questions about more specific aspects.

While he didn’t reveal many new details, he did offer some insight on House GOP tax writers’ plans for popular deductions such as the mortgage interest and charitable deductions.

GOP leaders say they want to keep those deductions but it has not been clear whether they would remain itemized deductions or be altered so more taxpayers can claim the benefits.

Brady acknowledged they’re exploring the latter option. He said he has encouraged his committee to “think fresh” about those and other key provisions and they’re looking at ways to make mortgage interest and charitable deductions available “across the economy,” not just to taxpayers who itemize.

GOP tax writers estimate nine out of 10 taxpayers will not itemize under their simplified tax plan.

On the mortgage interest deduction, Brady said they’re considering making that available “for all phases of home ownership,” but he did not elaborate on what that would entail.

All Republican members of the Senate panel attended the meeting with Trump except Judiciary Chairman Charles E. Grassley of Iowa, who was leading a hearing with Attorney General Jeff Sessions, and Intelligence Chairman Richard M. Burr of North Carolina, who is not going to the White House while leading that panel’s probe of Russian interference in the 2016 U.S. elections.

Seven of the panel’s 12 Democrats skipped the meeting, according to the White House: Michael Bennet of Colorado, Maria Cantwell of Washington, Benjamin L. Cardin and Thomas R. Carper of Maryland, Bill Nelson of Florida, Robert Menendez of New Jersey and Mark Warner of Virginia.

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Instant Pot Turkey and Gravy

Instant Pot Turkey & Gravy: don’t wait for Thanksgiving, make a super moist, one-pot turkey & gravy dinner in your instant pot with only 10 minutes of work!

Instant Pot Turkey and Gravy: don't wait for Thanksgiving, make a super moist, one-pot turkey and gravy dinner in your instant pot with only 10 minutes of work!

YOU CAN MAKE TURKEY IN YOUR INSANT POT! Like, Thanksgiving style turkey. In your instant pot. With a FROZEN turkey roast! It’s gloriously easy and so dang delicious.

I had run into Walmart looking for one of those $1 orange jack-o-lantern buckets. I had searched all over and couldn’t find a single one. I also needed a can of pumpkin while I was there to make another batch of my favorite Pumpkin Cream Cheese Swirl Muffins.

Instant Pot Turkey and Gravy: don't wait for Thanksgiving, make a super moist, one-pot turkey and gravy dinner in your instant pot with only 10 minutes of work!

While I was hunting down cans of pumpkin, I came across these little frozen “turkey roasts”. I had never seen them before and was intrigued because it said they were all white meat and boneless. I figured I could possibly make an easy dinner out of it and tossed it into my cart.

Fast forward to two weeks ago when I was having a crazy day and realized I had nothing for dinner. I went digging in my freezer and found it buried at the bottom of my fridge.

I often put frozen chicken breasts in my instant pot and they turn out great, so I thought maybe I could try the frozen turkey in it. I am so glad I tried it!!

Instant Pot Turkey and Gravy: don't wait for Thanksgiving, make a super moist, one-pot turkey and gravy dinner in your instant pot with only 10 minutes of work!

We have made this Instant Pot Turkey & Gravy many many times now. You throw the frozen turkey into the instant pot, add some veggies, seasonings and chicken broth. This part takes about 5 minutes of work.

The instant pot cooks it for you in a little over an hour (including the time it takes to come to pressure, cook, and then a natural release). During this time you can clean, let your kids run their energy out in the front yard with the other kids, drink a glass of wine and prep some sides to go with it.

Then once it’s all done, you quickly whisk together the gravy using the simmer function on the instant pot. It’s SO easy and all in one big pot! Yay, easy clean up!

Instant Pot Turkey and Gravy: don't wait for Thanksgiving, make a super moist, one-pot turkey and gravy dinner in your instant pot with only 10 minutes of work!

For seasoning the bird, I use this herb turkey rub. An herb chicken rub works just as well too! I found my boneless turkey breast at walmart. It was made by Butterball and they had a few flavors, but I choose savory herb all white meat.

If you can not find a boneless “roast” version, you can also try this with a bone in turkey breast. However, I would expect it to take a little longer to cook. I would add 10 minutes to the cook time and double check with a thermometer to ensure it reaches 165 degrees near the bone.

I hope you give this Instant Pot Turkey and Gravy a try, just watch the video above to see how super easy it is to make!

We have made this many times now for easy weeknight dinners and it’s so fun to have Turkey much more often than just at Thanksgiving! Serve it over mashed potatoes, stuffing or with roasted veggies to keep it a healthier dinner.

Instant Pot Turkey and Gravy Recipe

Instant Pot Turkey and Gravy: don’t wait for Thanksgiving, make a super moist, one-pot turkey and gravy dinner in your instant pot with only 10 minutes of work!


  • 1 (3 lb) FROZEN boneless turkey roast, (I use the Butterball savory herb all white meat)
  • 1 1/4 cup chicken broth
  • 4 tablespoons butter, melted
  • 2 tablespoons turkey herb rub (herb chicken rubs work great too)
  • 1 large onion, quartered
  • 4 stalks celery, cut into large pieces
  • 5 cloves garlic, crushed
  • a few sprigs fresh herbs: rosemary, sage & thyme
  • 2 (.87 oz) packets turkey gravy mix


  1. Place trivet in the bottom of your instant pot insert. Place frozen turkey roast on trivet.
  2. Add chicken broth. Pour butter on top of turkey. Sprinkle with turkey herb rub seasoning.
  3. Place onion, celery and garlic around the turkey. Place herbs on top and seal lid and close vent.
  4. Cook on manual high for 45 minutes. Allow pressure to release naturally (wait for pressure pin to drop by itself before proceeding), about 10 minutes.
  5. Carefully open the lid, remove the turkey, place on a platter and cover with foil or in a pot with a lid. Strain out remaining herbs and vegetables (with a slotted spoon or a strainer depending on your preference).
  6. Set instant pot to sauté. Add gravy packets and whisk until smooth. Bring to a low boil, and cook stirring until thickened, about 5 minutes.
  7. Slice turkey and serve with gravy!

Instant Pot Turkey and Gravy: don't wait for Thanksgiving, make a super moist, one-pot turkey and gravy dinner in your instant pot with only 10 minutes of work!

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The Best Pie in Every State

Pies are an important part of American culture, and they have been for centuries. Some say George Washington had a penchant for cherry pie, while Abraham Lincoln reportedly loved lemon custard pie. Ulysses S. Grant preferred Boston cream pie, while Barack Obama loves crustless coconut pie. The dessert has remained just as popular as the decades pass. According to the American Pie Council, about 700 million dollars in pies are sold in grocery stores every year, and about 36 million Americans say apple pie is their favorite variety. For 47 percent of us, the idea of pie brings the word “comforting” to mind.

To compile our list, we started by noting the few states that have designated official state pies; then we looked at official state fruits suitable for pies as well as non-official ones that certain states are famous for. Our list ranges from classics like apple, which is the state pie of Vermont, to Arizona‘s prickly pear, emblematic of the cactus that grows all over that state.

90 percent of Americans consider a slice of pie one of the simple pleasures in life, and who are we to disagree? The perfect pie crust is the key to a good pie so we’ve included the perfect pie crust recipe that can be adapted for most pie recipes. Read on and check out our list of the best pie in every state to see if your favorite dessert matches up with where you live.

Hayden Field contributed to this round-up.

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