A ‘No Gas’ sign is seen on a gas pump at a station after it ran out of gas as people get fuel before the arrival of Hurricane Dorian on August 30, 2019 in West Palm Beach, Florida.
Joe Raedle | Getty Images News | Getty Images
Hurricane Dorian’s winds slowed, prompting a downgrade to a still-powerful Category 4, as it parked over Grand Bahama Island.
The hurricane pounded the northwestern Bahamas Monday as the southeastern U.S. braced for bruising winds and rain.
The storm parked over Grand Bahama Island, stirring up winds of up to 155 mph and storm surges 18 to 23 feet above normal levels as of 10 a.m. ET, the National Hurricane Center said. Dorian is expected to pummel the island for most of the day, “causing extreme destruction,” according to the NHC. The wind speed knocked the category of the storm down from a 5 to a 4. Earlier speeds of up to 220 mph had been reported.
The hurricane’s center was about 30 miles east-northeast of Freeport on Grand Bahama and 115 miles east of West Palm Beach, Florida.
Residents of parts of Florida, Georgia and South Carolina evacuated as they prepared for the storm’s approach. The NHC expects “life-threatening” storm surges and “hurricane-force winds” along parts of Florida’s cost through the middle of the week, it said Monday morning.
Meanwhile, it sees an “increasing likelihood” of dangerous winds and rains along the coasts of Georgia and the Carolinas. President Donald Trump issued disaster declarations Sunday for Georgia and South Carolina, authorizing federal assistance for hurricane relief.
Both the Palm Beach and Fort Lauderdale airports in Florida were expected to shut down Monday as Dorian moved closer to the coast.
From an economic standpoint, the damage has just begun and comes during the summer-ending Labor Day holiday, adding another dimension to the potential dollar cost. UBS already has estimated the cost at around $25 billion.
“That lost economic activity from business closures, canceled travel plans and disruptions in tourism activity during the Labor Day holiday, as people took precautions ahead of the storm, will weigh on real GDP growth for the quarter,” Beth Ann Bovino, U.S. chief economist for S&P Global Ratings, said in anote. “Estimating how much depends on where the hurricane makes landfall, at what Category strength, and how long it hangs around dumping water on the region.”
S&P has estimated that as climate change accelerates, the cost “doing nothing” could range between 2.2% and 5.2% of GDP by 2021, though the current pace of storm damage suggests that the upper end of the range is more likely.